Winner Take All - This is used in 49 states. The candidate who wins the state gets all of the elected votes.
National Popular Vote - Not used but passed in 9 states. The theory goes if states adding up to 270 electoral votes enact this, the popular vote winner will win. I staunchly oppose this for several reasons. I said this on
Don't monkey with the system unless it is a must. It's not needed here. How often is the popular vote relatively close? Often. How often does the person who loses the popular vote win? Rarely. Three times I believe. Hayes, Adams, and Bush the first time. That's it.
There's a lot of bad consequences. I'm a little more intrigued by the third way and am open to this here in Michigan, although I have concerns about that as well.
Maine/Nebraska - This is where the state winner gets 2 electoral votes, and the winner of each congressional district gets another. Some want to bring that to Michigan. Five years ago, I'd be all for it. Now? Not sure. It's a hell of a gamble. Pros and Cons:
After Presidential losses of 16 and 9pts, Michigan may soon be ignored. This would change it as several districts are close. This also limits Detroit's influence on the election as they self-pack. It would heavily focus on MI-01, MI-06, MI-07, MI-08, and MI-11. Maybe MI-03 and MI-04 in a bad year.
It puts a lot of presidential election power in the hands of the state legislature and governor. While APOL limits gerrymandering to a degree, it's not 100% followed for federal districts (federal law conflict) and we could have nasty gerrymanders, especially if Voting Rights Districts are lifted. It also ignores districts like MI-02, MI-05, MI-09, MI-12, MI-13, and MI-14.
Will Michigan go to a redistricting commission which puts these in the hands of bureaucrats not accountable to the people. (Commissions can be good or bad ie Mathis in Arizona). What will the districts be in 2021?
How will other states react? Could Texas do this? Indiana? Florida? Ohio? Would this lead to NPV instead? What will the unintended consequences be?
From a purely Livingston County, Michigan standpoint, this is a good thing. Overall, I'm not so sure. I prefer this to NPV, and prefer this to being hung out to dry by campaigns that publicly quit or make promised that aren't kept. It would be good for eight years, but what about the 10 years after that? I don't know, and that's my concern.